Henry Hudson achieved many things as an explorer, but he never achieved
his desired purpose: to find the Northwest passage. He did, however,
sail farther north then any explorer of his time ever had, and
discoverd a bay, river, and strait that are all named after him today,
(the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Strait, which are all located
in Canada, though the Hudson river does flow down into the U.S. through
New York.) Henry was inspired to explore mainly through
curiosity, and his want for furthur knowledge of our world.
Most information on Henry's life is unknown up till 1609-1611, his key
years of exploration. However, he did make a couple of his first
voyages before then in 1607, as you will see below.
-Timeline of Accomplishments-
- Hired by an English company called the Muscovy Company to find a
Northwest passage to Asia. An unsuccessful voyage. Sails on the ship
1608 - Another voyage in search of the Northwest passage. Another failure.
- Voyage on the ship, Half Moon for the Netherlands. Third search
for the Northwest passage, still no success, however he did sail
farther north then any one had yet gone, but had to turn back becuase
of huge ice-flows. This voyage also yeilded to the
discovery of the mouth of what now is known as the Hudson River as
Henry explored the East coast of North America near Canada and New
York. He also sails into present-day New York Harbour.
- A group of London merchants, later known as the "Adventurers"
send Henry out to find a sea route to the Orient, on a new ship called
- He enters the Hudson Strait and explores the southern shores.
Upon arriving at the western shore of the strait, Henry passes between
two islands and the mainland, naming the islands Cape Digges and Cape
- Sails into what he thought was the Pacific Ocean, but it really was a very large bay, now known as Hudson Bay.
Continues South to James Bay, but he finds no outlet and his
ship becomes trapped in the bay for the winter in the ice, himself
and his crew experiencing extreme cold, hunger, and disease.
- Sends word back to England of giant tides reaching over 20ft.
This information led the "Adventurers" to believe that the Northwest
passage must lie West or Northwest of Cape Digges, or the Digges
- When winter ends, Henry told the crew that they would try
and find a western outlet form James Bay, but they mutinied against
him, setting Henry, his son, and sevral loyal crew members adrift in a small boat,
never to be seen or heard from again.
Thus ends the timeline.
Please note: The exact dates of Henry's departure are unknown, they are just sometime within the year stated.